physical geography of chile

As in the far north, the coastal areas of the near north have a distinct microclimate. Andes. Its physical geography includes the Andes mountain range, volcanoes, beaches, ice fields and even a desert in the northern half. In certain areas, this desert does not register any rainfall at all. Its limits are not exactly determined, but it lies mainly between the south bend of the Loa River and the mountains separating the Salado-Copiapó drainage basins. In the far south, the Central Valley runs into the ocean's waters. The image was taken from the Introducing Physical Geography (6th Edition) by Alan Strahler. The attempt was also made to The United States but failed badly on October 1880. 26.67 km3/yr (4%/10%/86%) Climate Affecting Plants and Animals The climate in Cabo de Hornos, Chile consists of fairly cool temperatures throughout the year as well as consistent precipitation throughout the year coming in the form of rainfall. In the far north, the land generally rises vertically from the ocean, sometimes to elevations well over 1,000 m (3,281 ft). Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Geography - note: It extends from about 32° south latitude to about 37° south latitude. The strongest of these occurred in 2010 (registering an estimated 8.8 on the Richter scale) and in Valdivia 1960 (reaching 9.5). It extends approximately 2,700 miles (4,300 km) from its boundary with Peru, at latitude 17°30′ S, to the tip of South America at Cape Horn, latitude 56° S, a point only about 400 miles north of Antarctica. The area's other main economic activity is oil and natural gas extraction from the areas around the Strait of Magellan. One-third of Chile is covered by the towering ranges of the Andes. Since Chile extends from a point about 625 km (388 mi) north of the Tropic of Capricorn to a point hardly more than 1,400 km (870 mi) north of the Antarctic Circle, a broad selection of the Earth's climates can be found in this country. Geography. Area: The image was taken from the Introducing Physical Geography (6th Edition) by Alan Strahler. About 80 percent of the land in Chile is made up of mountains of some form or other. All information: Geography: Climate : Population: Economy : Chile - Physical geography . The geography of Argentina describes the geographic features of Argentina, a country located in Southern South America. Physical Geography; People: Culture and Lifestyle; Further Reading; Sources ; Chile. These churches date back to the early 17th century. Get the best of Sporcle when you Go Orange.This ad-free experience offers more features, more stats, and more fun while also helping to support Sporcle. The numerous rivers greatly increase their flow as a result of the winter rains and the spring melting of the Andean snows, and they contract considerably in the summer. Geografiska Annaler: Series A, Physical Geography: Vol. [3] The cities of Valparaiso and Concepcion are the next highly populated cities, in that order. This topography generates coastal microclimates because the fog that frequently forms over the cold ocean waters, as well as any low clouds, is trapped by the high bluffs. [8], Push factors for Chilean emigrants include natural disasters. During the twentieth century, Chile has been struck by twenty-eight major earthquakes, all with a force greater than 6.9 on the Richter scale. Concepción is also a coastal city that lies near the mouth of the Biobío River. This long piece of land stretches vertically from north to south approximately 4,270 km, yet it is only 177 km, from east to west. The near north is also subject to droughts. At its deepest point, just north of the port of Antofagasta, it plunges to 8,066 m (26,463 ft). Government: Republic 12,290 km2 (4,745 sq mi) Floor Area Ratio instigated by the state has resulted in highly dense and smaller living spaces. The topography of central Chile includes a coastal range of mountains running parallel to the Andes. This was signed by both of them on October 20, 1883, to keep the peace between them. [3] In 2009, 12,037,290 living in urban parts of Chile actually had functioning facilities in their home, while 403,276 people did not have proper facilities in their dwelling. Bolivians still fights for coastal and territorial sovereignty. Physical Geography of Chile Thursday, April 18, 2013. your own Pins on Pinterest From the Amazon basin in the north and west to the Brazilian Highlands in the southeast, Brazil's topography is quite diverse. From north to south, Chile extends 4,270 km, and yet it only … arable land: Peruvians claim the Northern part of Chile, which is now South West of Peru. Additionally, the mountainous regions have a tundra-like climate. Caribbean. Physical Geography; People: Culture and Lifestyle; Further Reading; Sources ; Chile. [4] 100% of the urban population has some form of access to sanitation facilities, while 90.9% of rural people have these facilities available. [38] Of the land Chile devotes to agriculture, only 1.7% is arable land. These shrines are called Animitas and they are particularly common along rural highways or in lower-income towns. This does not include the Chilean claims to Antarctica, which overlap with Argentinian and British claims. Geography and Climate of Chile Because of its long, narrow profile and position adjacent to the Pacific Ocean and Andes Mountains, Chile has a unique topography and climate. Capital - Santiago Founded in 1848 by Col. José de los Santos Mardones, it flourished as a port of call and coaling station until the opening of the It is 4,270 km (2,653 mi), but only averages 177 km (110 mi) east to west. Chile's unusual, ribbon-like shape - 4,300 km long and on average 175 km wide - has given it a hugely varied climate. The temperatures are moderate, with an average of 18.5 °C (65.3 °F) during the summer and about 12 °C (53.6 °F) during the winter at sea level. [29] Chile is committed to a trade liberalization and has 26 trade agreements covering 60 different countries. This strait is one of the world's important sea-lanes because it unites the Atlantic and Pacific oceans through a channel that avoids the rough open waters off Cape Horn. [5], The United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs note the average annual rate of population change from 2015 to 2017 is 1.022. [13] Santiago is located in central Chile with the Mapocho River running through the city. This means that the region is especially vulnerable to changes in future climate. Learn. Approaching the present time, the effects of the Pleistocene glaciations in the distribution of several communities are discussed. Approaching the present time, the effects of the Pleistocene glaciations in the distribution of several communities are discussed. However, the region's main economic foundation is its great mineral wealth. 743,812 km2 (287,187 sq mi) Chile occupies a long, narrow coastal land strip wedged between the Andes Mountains to the east and the South Pacific Ocean to the west. [9] The top three countries that Chilean emigrants are moving to are Argentina, Peru, and the United States. 97, No. 7,801 km (4,847 mi) The inner region of Chile has a snow climate. The pre-Andean highlands and some of the taller and more massive mountains in the coastal range (principally the Cordillera de Nahuelbuta) still contain large tracts of old-growth forests of remarkable beauty, some of which have been set aside as national parks. Chile notoriously had some of the most powerful earthquakes in history with the Valdivia Earthquake in 1960 at 9.5 on the Richter scale and the Maule Earthquake at 8.8 in 2010. The northern two-thirds of Chile lie on top of the telluric Nazca Plate, which, moving eastward about ten centimeters a year, is forcing its way under the continental plate of South America. Match. Therefore, geographically, the country can be divided into many different parts. Since Chile lies deep in the Southern hemisphere the seasons fall at opposite times of the year.South of Chile has cool damp climate. Media in category "Geography of Chile" The following 12 files are in this category, out of 12 total. The region of Patagonia covers a total extension of approximately 800,000 square kilometers (310,000 sq mi), encompassing the southern cone of South America. Area : 757 000 Km2: Water : 1.1 % Lands under cultivation : 5 % Wild pasture lands : 18 % Forests : 21 % Min. 11,990 km2 (4,629 sq mi) (2003), Total renewable water resources: Atacama Desert, Spanish Desierto de Atacama, cool, arid region in northern Chile, 600 to 700 miles (1,000 to 1,100 km) long from north to south. [10], Chile's natural hazards include earthquakes, volcanic eruptions, and tsunamis. Some of the water from the plateau trickles down the Andes in the form of narrow rivers, many of which form oases before being lost to evaporation or absorption into the desert sands, salt beds, and aquifers. Some desert countries like Egypt have a higher arable land percentage than Chile. Write. In those sections where the airborne moisture of the sea is trapped by high bluffs overlooking the ocean, temperate rain forests develop as the vegetation precipitates the vapor in the form of a misty rain. The geography of Chile is extremely diverse as the country extends from a latitude of 17° South to Cape Horn at 56° and from the ocean on the west to Andes on the east. Exports of fresh fruit began to rise dramatically in the mid-1970s because Chilean growers had the advantage of being able to reach markets in the Northern Hemisphere during winter in that part of the world. Chile is divided into three general topographic regions: the lofty Andean cordillera on the east; the low coastal mountains of the west; and the fertile central valley between. Situated south of Peru and west of Bolivia and Argentina, Chile fills a narrow 2,880-mi (4,506 km) strip between the Andes and the Pacific. The pastures in the northernmost section, around Osorno, are well suited for raising cattle; milk, cheese, and butter are important products of that area. These factors have given Chile the highest sovereign bond rating in South America. The element of physical geography that binds the countries of southern South America together is _?_. It is a long strip of land in the south west region of South America. severe earthquakes; active volcanism; tsunamis. In a classic book on the natural setting and people of Chile, Benjamín Subercaseaux Zañartu, a Chilean writer, describes the country's geography as loca (crazy). Atlas de la historia física y política de Chile, tomo 1.pdf 1,423 × 2,033, 186 pages; 79.82 MB. The geography of both areas is dominated by the high Andes, which reaches altitudes close to 7000 m in Cuyo. The natural hazards are attributed to Chile's location along the Ring of Fire. Key Concepts: Terms in this set (33) Mexico. Because the river valleys provide breaks in the coastal elevations, maritime moisture can penetrate inland and further decrease the generally arid climate in those valleys. The Amazon River system carries more water to the ocean than any other river system in the world. [6] The UN data also shows live births per woman (2015-2017) averaging 1.765[7] and combined infant mortality rate for both sexes at 6.258 per 1,000 live births. Chile is about twice the size of Montana. When compared to other countries, Chile’s physical geography is a little odd. The capital and largest city of Chile is Santiago. Chile has an area of 292,300 square miles. STUDY. There are also more than three-dozen active volcanoes in Chile with the most active being the Llaima in the north Chilean Andes.[12]. The Physical Geography of the Earthquake. The land Bolivia lost to Chile more than a century ago is now home to some of the biggest copper mines in the world. Non-animal foods, fruit, and vegetable exports total about $11.7 billion. Whether crazy or extravagant, there is little question that Chile's territorial shape is certainly among the world's most unusual. The answer to this question can be found by examining the structure of the earth, and in particular the geographic configuration of the earth’s tectonic plates. Area - comparative: Flashcards. To the East is Argentina and the Atlantic ocean and to the west is the Pacific ocean. Central Chile (Chile Central), home to a majority of the population, includes the three largest metropolitan areas—Santiago, Valparaíso, and Concepción. Although many lakes can be found in the Andean and coastal regions of central Chile, the south (Sur de Chile) is definitely the country's most lacustrine area. (2015). copper, timber, iron ore, nitrates, precious metals, molybdenum, hydropower, thermal power, nutrient-rich ocean currents, Land use: The virtually constant wind from the South Pacific Ocean makes the air feel much colder. It is not uncommon to come across roadside shrines in Chile. The Geography of Chile. [22] Morales also has argued that were Chileans to give back Antofagasta, it would have no significant effect on their country. Large tracts of this worn-out land, many of them on hilly terrain, have been reforested for the lumber, especially for the cellulose and paper industries. They were cleared for agriculture but were soon exhausted of their organic matter and left to erode. Environment - international agreements: The United States-Chile Free Trade Agreement began in 2004. Additionally, the mountainous regions have a tundra-like climate. The winter months of June and July each produce on average a deluge of 410.6 mm (16.2 in). Chile : geography, maps, flag, statistics, photos and cultural information about Chile. border countries: Chile has no intention of giving up any land to Bolivia, but is very open to coastal access negotiations. Use of remote imagery to analyse changes in morphology and longitudinal large wood distribution in the blanco river after the 2008 chaitén volcanic eruption, southern chile. In the far north, the kinds of fruits that grow well in the arid tropics thrive, and all kinds of vegetables can be grown year-round. In Concepción, by contrast, the average monthly temperatures are somewhat lower in the summer at 17.6 °C (63.7 °F) but higher in the winter at 9.3 °C (48.7 °F), and the amount of rain is much greater: in the summer, Concepción receives an average of 0.8 inch (20 millimeters) of rain per month; in June and July, the city is pounded by an average of 10 inches (253 mm.) The capital, Santiago, holds about 6 million people in just the one city. distribution of natural resources. A place like no Other. Nestled between the Andes Mountains and the Pacific Ocean, this narrow South American country comprises a wide range of landforms. Since 2015, 100% of U.S. imports have been entering Chile duty-free. 523-541. total: Although the ocean's surface obscures this fact, most of Chile lies at the edge of a profound precipice. Main characteristics of the physical geography of Chile are described, with emphasis on the geologic and climatic changes that affected the biome configuration since the Devonian onwards. The total land size is 756,102 km2 (291,933 sq mi). Physical Geography. Chile is a land of extremes, with soaring snow-capped peaks, glaciers, fjords, volcanoes, fertile valleys and the world’s driest desert. This is because they both claim boundary coastal lines. Since the early 1970s, the fishing industry has also developed lots in the main ports of the area, most notably Iquique and Antofagasta. located on the west coast of South America; smaller than twice the size of Montana ; Argentina, Bolivia, and Peru border this country; The south Pacific Ocean borders the west side ; Tierra del Fuego is at the southernmost tip of Chile; Landscape and Geography. Water heavy industries are causing groundwater, lake, and river depletion in Chile. Chile's unusual, ribbon-like shape - 4,300 km long and on average 175 km wide - has given it a hugely varied climate. As the country is a mix between a more developed and a less developed country. Height : 0 m (Pacific Ocean) Max. Continental shelf: Chile is situated along the Southwestern coast of South America; It is about the same distance from Egypt to Tanzania in Africa. The geography of Chile is extremely diverse as the country extends from a latitude of 17° South to Cape Horn at 56° (if Chilean claims on Antarctica are included Chile would extend to the South Pole) and from the ocean on the west to Andes on the east. In addition to physical geography, what else is a factor in defining countries' political borders? From north to south, Chile extends 4,270 km (2,653 mi), and yet it only averages 177 km (110 mi) east to west. Chile is situated along the Southwestern coast of South America; It is about the same distance from Egypt to Tanzania in Africa. Antarctic Treaty, Antarctic-Environmental Protocol, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution (MARPOL 73/78), Wetlands, Whaling Chile is a country located in the southwestern part of South America. [40] In November 2005, Chile and China signed the China-Chile Free Trade Agreement. other: Almost one-fifth of Chile is protected to varying degrees in national parks and reserves. YOU MIGHT ALSO LIKE... Ch.9 quiz 30 Terms. The lumber industry is also important. 200–350 nmi (370.4–648.2 km; 230.2–402.8 mi), Natural resources: The latter two had rich nitrate deposits. In 2018, Chile and Japan were among the eleven nations that signed the Comprehensive and Progressive Agreement for the Trans-Pacific Partnership. total: daebaek. Chile, country situated along the western seaboard of South America. In the far south (Chile Austral), which extends from between 42° south latitude to Cape Horn, the Andes and the South Pacific. The people of Chile originate from Spain mostly that is why the main language of Chile is Spanish. [27] This ruling severely impacted fishers in the country. Chile is situated in southern South America, bordering the South Pacific Ocean and a small part of the South Atlantic Ocean. Many of Chile's distinctive animal species have been decimated as they have been pushed farther and farther into the remaining wilderness areas by human occupation of the land. Get the best of Sporcle when you Go Orange.This ad-free experience offers more features, more stats, and more fun while also helping to support Sporcle. Valparaíso is located on the coast about 116 km northwest of Santiago. Can you pick the physical features of Chile? 0.61% Chile exhibits a variety of climates, as its geographical position is more longitudinal in nature. To sanitation facilities 's largest open-pit copper mine, is located in central Chile includes a coastal city that near! Utilizes 14,015 Hectares of agricultural land, Santiago, which reaches altitudes close to 7000 m Cuyo. 2011, Chile had won 120,000 km2 of land that included Antofagasta on the coast South. 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Of Fire plenty of rainfall increasing considerably and progressively from north to,... Amazon River system carries more water to the citizens and animals that rely physical geography of chile Sources. Files are in this set ( 33 ) Mexico just the one city the! Pilgrims come to the citizens and animals that rely on these Sources water... The area 's other main economic activity is oil and natural gas extraction from the Amazon basin the!, 186 pages ; 79.82 MB 19 ], Push factors for emigrants. Are Argentina, Bolivia, and Peru is navigable for its various climates northwestern ocean zone including ferns... And progressively from north to South and parallel to the east is the Patron Saint of miners who the... When compared to other countries, Chile has a snow climate the classroom or home which... A tundra-like climate what causes the Pacific ocean from the Introducing physical Geography is a little odd access to facilities... 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