was neil kinnock ever prime minister

Neil Kinnock served as the Member of Parliament from Islwyn in South Wales from 1970 until 1995. (A Tory list is to follow shortly!) [19] By 1986, the party's position appeared to strengthen further with excellent local election results and a thorough rebranding of the party under the direction of Kinnock's director of communications Peter Mandelson, as well as seizing the Fulham seat in West London from the Conservatives at an April by-election. Kinnock led the Labour Party to a surprise fourth consecutive defeat at the 1992 general election, despite the party being ahead of John Major’s Conservative government in most opinion polls, which had predicted either a narrow Labour victory or a hung parliament. The court actions came, and by the attitude to the court actions, the NUM leadership ensured that they would face crippling damages as a consequence. He scribbled the notes from which he delivered the speech in the car on the way to the rally, and his voice was hoarse from campaigning. The prime minister’s political opponents took to social media during the campaign, urging young people to vote. .css-1xgx53b-Link{font-family:ReithSans,Helvetica,Arial,freesans,sans-serif;font-weight:700;-webkit-text-decoration:none;text-decoration:none;color:#FFFFFF;}.css-1xgx53b-Link:hover,.css-1xgx53b-Link:focus{-webkit-text-decoration:underline;text-decoration:underline;}Read about our approach to external linking. Neil Kinnock, Actor: Tracey Ullman: My Guy. Labour had gained four seats from the Conservatives in by-elections since the 1987 general election, having initially suffered disappointing results in some by-elections, namely a loss of the Govan constituency in Glasgow to the Scottish National Party in November 1988. It was the start of the closest relationship there had ever been between a UK prime minister and a US president. Until the summer of 2009, he was also Chairman of the British Council and President of Cardiff University. His first period as party leader between the 1983 and 1987 general elections was dominated by his struggle with the hard-left Militant tendency, then still a dominant force in the party. He did a lot to reform the Labour party and make it possible for the New Labour group lead by Tony Blair to have real influence in the party. ", His peerage meant that the Labour and Conservative parties were equal in numbers in the upper house of Parliament (subsequently the number of Labour members overtook the number of Conservative members for many years). [37] Although internal polls[37] suggested no impact, while public polls suggested a decline in support had already occurred,[38] most of those directly involved in the campaign believe that the rally really came to widespread attention only after the electoral defeat itself,[39] with Kinnock himself changing his mind to a rejection of its negative impact over time. The violence built up because the single tactic chosen was that of mass picketing, and so we saw policing on a scale and with a system that has never been seen in Britain before. Kinnock remained Leader of the Opposition following the election. He now became one of the Vice-Presidents of the European Commission, with responsibility for Administrative Reform and the Audit, Linguistics and Logistics Directorates General. Having replaced Margaret Thatcher three years previously, the new Prime Minister, John Major, has had to face economic difficulties and divisions within his party as he attempts to keep the Tories in power. [67], Media related to Neil Kinnock at Wikimedia Commons, (Administrative Affairs, Audit and Anti-Fraud), For a history of the Militant tendency in the Labour Party, see Eric Shaw, Notably when Kinnock appeared, as the guest presenter in an episode of, Vice-President of the European Commission, European Commissioner for Administrative Reform, Shadow Secretary of State for Education and Science, University College of South Wales and Monmouthshire, National Executive Committee of the Labour Party, protested at Government restriction of their budgets, "South East Wales Public Life – Neil Kinnock – Labour politician from Tredegar", "Kinnock is Leader at his Rachel's Wedding Party", "1983: 'Dream ticket' wins Labour leadership", "Leader's speech, Bournemouth 1985: Neil Kinnock (Labour)", "Neil Kinnock, Militant speech, Labour party conference, October 1985", "UK General Election 1987 Campaign – Kinnock the Movie", "Summary results of the 1987 General Election", "VOTE2001 | THE ELECTION BATTLES 1945–1997", "Biden's Debate Finale: An Echo From Abroad", "Biden Withdraws Bid for President in Wake of Furor", "Mrs Thatcher Resigns – BBC 1 O'Clock News", "Poll tracker: Interactive guide to the opinion polls", "Ballet star shows off charity portraits", "Rupert Murdoch: 'Sun wot won it' headline was tasteless and wrong", "Mirror Style Guide: Front page headline of the Mirror, 1987", "General Election 2010 – A century of Daily Mirror front pages – Mirror Online", "BBC One – Coming Home, Series 6, Neil Kinnock", House of Lords Journal 238 (Session 2004–05), Neil Kinnock warns Jeremy Corbyn: ‘Stop Brexit to save the NHS’, "New faces: Alan Sugar and Glenys Kinnock", "Ed Miliband: he may be an atheist, but is he a secularist? [32], Public reaction to Major's elevation was highly positive. But the British politician whose words he … Read about our approach to external linking. [11], All this meant that Kinnock had made plenty of enemies on the left-wing of the party by the time he was elected as leader, though a substantial number of former Bennites gave him strong support. Quotations by Neil Kinnock, British Politician, Born March 28, 1942. [42] The following day's headline in The Sun was "It's The Sun Wot Won It", which Rupert Murdoch, many years later at his April 2012 appearance before the Leveson Inquiry, stated was both "tasteless and wrong" and led to the editor Kelvin MacKenzie receiving a reprimand. Biden had been lifting entire lines of his stock stump speech from Britain’s then-Labor Party leader, Neil Kinnock, who was campaigning for prime minister across the pond. Opinion polls showed that voters favoured retaining the United Kingdom's nuclear weapons, (Labour's policy, supported by Kinnock, was of unilateral nuclear disarmament), and believed that the Conservatives would be better than Labour at defending the country. He led the party during most of the Thatcher administration. I am telling you, no matter how entertaining, how fulfilling to short-term egos – you can't play politics with people's jobs and with people's services or with their homes.[17]. But the intriguing feature of the Kinnock version is point two, where the draft says he will publish this guidance note "in accordance with our policy on freedom of information". [41], The Labour-supporting Daily Mirror had backed Kinnock for the 1987 general election[43] and again in 1992. Neil Kinnock, a 41-year-old Welshman who has never held ministerial office, was chosen tonight to lead the Labor Party by the party's annual conference. Kinnock was known as a left-winger, and gained prominence for his attacks on Margaret Thatcher's handling of the Falklands War in 1982, although it was in fact this conflict which saw support for the Conservative government increase, and contribute to its landslide re-election the following year. Kinnock explained his change of attitude, despite the continuing presence of ninety hereditary peers and appointment by patronage, by asserting that the Lords was a good base for campaigning. After Labour Listens, the party went on, in 1988, to produce a new statement of aims and values—meant to supplement and supplant the formulation of Clause IV of the party's constitution (though, crucially, this was not actually replaced until 1995 under the leadership of Tony Blair) and was closely modelled on Anthony Crosland's social-democratic thinking—emphasising equality rather than public ownership. He was obliged to resign as part of the forced, collective resignation of the Commission in 1999. It was prepared by the civil service in case the 1992 general election resulted in a Labour victory and Neil Kinnock became prime minister. It was prepared by the civil service in case the 1992 general election resulted in a Labour victory and Neil Kinnock became prime minister. On polling day, Labour easily took second place, but with only a 31% share of the vote to the SDP-Liberal Alliance's 22%. [33], By now Militant had finally been routed in the party, and their two MPs were expelled at the end of 1991, in addition to a number of supporters. One Liverpool MP, Eric Heffer, a member of the NEC left the conference stage in disgust at Kinnock's comments. Republicans clash over impeachment as trial looms, Growing concern over Brazil coronavirus variant, The 69-year-old trolled for her 'too sexy' photos, Rise and fall of the Spanish state's secret fixer, .css-1snjdh1-IconContainer{display:none;height:0.875em;width:0.875em;vertical-align:-0.0625em;margin-right:0.25em;}Inside the world's richest esports player's mansion. War Will House. Elected to the House of Commons in 1970, he became the Labour Party’s shadow education minister after the Conservatives won power in the 1979 general election. ", the man from the lodge in my constituency said: "It arose because nobody really thought it out. Overview. [24] Labour was still more than ten percentage points behind the Conservatives, who retained a three-figure majority in the House of Commons. Shortly afterwards, he resigned as Leader of the Labour Party, being succeeded in the ensuing leadership election by John Smith. He accepted membership in the European Economic Community, whereas the party had pledged immediate withdrawal from it under Michael Foot. Would Labour have won the 1997 General Election under him, and would he have been a better leader than Blair; perhaps avoiding being entangled in the invasion of Iraq and been less enthusiastic for the free-market? Bevan was considered and poetic. Neil Kinnock was born on March 28, 1942 in Tredegar, Gwent [now Blaenau, Gwent], Wales as Neil Gordon Kinnock. "No prime minister in Britain will ever be able to go to war without the endorsement of a majority of the House of Commons." He discarded the rhetoric of class warfare. [3][4][5] Gordon died of a heart attack in November 1971 aged 64;[6] Mary died the following month aged 61. Neil Kinnock's showing in the opinion polls dipped; before Thatcher's resignation, Labour had been up to 10 points ahead of the Conservatives in the opinion polls (an Ipsos MORI poll in April 1990 had actually shown Labour as being more than 20 points ahead of the Conservatives), but many opinion polls were actually showing the Conservatives with a higher amount of support than Labour, in spite of the deepening recession. [7], He has been married to Glenys Kinnock since 1967. Labour leader: 1955-1963) The case for: With the exception of Neil Kinnock, no post-war politician has done the hardest job in British politics (Leader of Her Majesty’s Opposition)… [23] This was directed by Hugh Hudson and featured Kinnock's 1985 conference speech, and shots of him and his wife Glenys walking on the Great Orme in Llandudno (so emphasising his appeal as a family man and associating him with images of Wales away from the coal mining communities where he grew up), and a speech to that year's Welsh Labour Party conference asking why he was the "first Kinnock in a thousand generations" to go to university. Is now the time for Neil Kinnock’s Labour to take back power after over a decade in the wilderness? .css-2kny4l-ContributorLink{-webkit-text-decoration:none;text-decoration:none;color:#B80000;}.css-2kny4l-ContributorLink:hover,.css-2kny4l-ContributorLink:focus{-webkit-text-decoration:underline;text-decoration:underline;}Martin RosenbaumFreedom of information specialist. [34] Since Major's election as Leader of the Conservative Party (and becoming Prime Minister), Kinnock had spent the end of 1990[35][dead link] and most of 1991 putting pressure on Major to call a general election that year, but Major had held out and by the autumn he had insisted that there would be no general election in 1991. [6], In 1953, at eleven years old, Kinnock began his secondary education at Lewis School, Pengam, which he later criticised for its record on caning. Labour won extra seats in Scotland, Wales and Northern England, but lost ground particularly in Southern England and London, where the Conservatives still dominated. In 1981, while still serving as Labour's education spokesman, Kinnock was alleged to have effectively scuppered Tony Benn's attempt to replace Denis Healey as Labour's Deputy Leader by first supporting the candidacy of the more traditionalist Tribunite John Silkin and then urging Silkin supporters to abstain on the second, run-off, ballot. [28], The second period of Kinnock's leadership was dominated by his drive to reform the party's policies to gain office. This article is more than 5 years old. In February 2004, it was announced that with effect from 1 November 2004, Kinnock would become head of the British Council. I suspect the answer is yes, and that the country would be a better place if he had become Prime Minister. He was an enthusiastic supporter of Ed Miliband's campaign for leadership of the Labour Party in 2010, and was reported as telling activists, when Miliband won, "We've got our party back" – although Miliband, like Kinnock, failed to lead the party back into government, and resigned after the Conservatives were re-elected with a slim majority in 2015. In 1977, he had remained in the House of Commons, with Dennis Skinner, while other MPs walked to the Lords to hear the Queen's speech opening the new parliament. A lot of why Neil Kinnock (Lord Kinnock) did not become PM is because of his South Wales Accent. [55], Kinnock strongly opposed Brexit. Kinnock supported the aim of the strike – which he dubbed the "case for coal" – but, as an MP from a mining area, was bitterly critical of the tactics employed. Between August 1966 and May 1970, he worked as a tutor for a Workers' Educational Association (WEA). He hates me as well. In the run-up to the election, held on 9 April 1992, most opinion polls had suggested that the election would result in either a hung parliament or a narrow Labour majority. On 26 April 2006, Kinnock was given a six-month driving ban after being found guilty of two speeding offences along the M4 motorway, west of London. © 2021 BBC. Hugh Gaitskell (Life: 1906-1963. Share with your friends. The Labour Party was also threatened by the rise of the Social Democratic Party/Liberal Alliance, which pulled out more centrist adherents. A few months after the general election, Kinnock gained brief attention in the United States in August 1987 when it was discovered that then-US Senator Joe Biden of Delaware (and future 46th President) plagiarised one of Kinnock's speeches during his 1988 presidential campaign in a speech at a Democratic Party debate in Iowa. He resigned unexpectedly in 1976. [citation needed]. Neil Kinnock served as the Member of Parliament from Islwyn in South Wales from 1970 until 1995. Neil Kinnock’s speech in Bridgend, Glamorgan, on 7 June 1983, rates as one of the finest speeches ever made in British politics. In secret, Labour's aim was to secure second place in order to remain as Official Opposition.[22]. He went on to the University College of South Wales and Monmouthshire in Cardiff (now Cardiff University), where he graduated in 1965 with a degree in Industrial Relations and History. Neil Kinnock, a 41-year-old Welshman who has never held ministerial office, was chosen tonight to lead the Labor Party by the party's annual conference. When heckled at a Labour Party rally for referring to the killing of David Wilkie as "an outrage", Kinnock lost his temper and accused the hecklers of "living like parasites off the struggle of the miners" and implied that Scargill had lied to the striking miners. [47], Kinnock was appointed one of the UK's two members of the European Commission, which he served first as Transport Commissioner under President Jacques Santer, in early 1995; marking the end of his 25 years in the House of Commons. The BBC is not responsible for the content of external sites. Mr Kinnock managed to change Labour, making it a credible party of the disaster of the late 1970s and early 1980s. [31], Michael Heseltine challenged Thatcher's leadership and she resigned on 28 November 1990 to be succeeded by then-Chancellor of the Exchequer, John Major. [21], In early 1987, Labour lost a by-election in Greenwich to the SDP's Rosie Barnes. They have two children – son Stephen Kinnock (born January 1970, now a Labour MP), and daughter Rachel Kinnock (born 1971). The former Labour leader Neil Kinnock has privately warned party colleagues that backing a Brexit deal could be politically “lethal”, saying the prime minister must be made to “own” it. [36], At the 1992 general election, Labour made considerable progress – reducing the Conservatives' majority to just 21 seats. Given that the Cabinet Office was preparing to release this paper in 1992 in line with a predicted Freedom of Information law, it seems puzzling and ironic that - despite a real FOI law now existing - it refused to disclose it over 20 years later until ordered to do so by the Information Commissioner. Chancellor of the Exchequer: 1950-51. He remains on the Advisory Council of the Institute for Public Policy Research, which he helped set up in the 1980s. He was finally elected as Labour Party leader on 2 October 1983, with 71% of the vote, and Roy Hattersley was elected as his deputy; their prospective partnership was considered to be a "dream ticket".[9]. ", Neil Kinnock on the Home Secretary’s ambitions, and Cameron, contributions in Parliament by Neil Kinnock, Announcement of his introduction at the House of Lords, Orders of precedence in the United Kingdom, Leaders of the Opposition of the United Kingdom, European Commissioners for Administrative Affairs, Audit and Anti-Fraud, European Commissioners from the United Kingdom, History of the socialist movement in the United Kingdom, Trade Union and Labour Party Liaison Organisation, Organisations associated with the Labour Party, Labour Friends of Palestine & the Middle East, National Union of Labour and Socialist Clubs, Socialist Environment and Resources Association, Progressive Alliance of Socialists and Democrats, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Neil_Kinnock&oldid=997740755, Leaders of the Opposition (United Kingdom), Members of the Privy Council of the United Kingdom, People associated with Cardiff University, Articles with dead external links from June 2016, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with unsourced statements from December 2019, All articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases, Articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases from July 2010, Articles with unsourced statements from June 2017, Articles with dead external links from January 2021, Articles with unsourced statements from January 2021, Wikipedia articles with BIBSYS identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SNAC-ID identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with Trove identifiers, Wikipedia articles with UKPARL identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 2 January 2021, at 00:42. .css-14iz86j-BoldText{font-weight:bold;}This has to be one of the more ironic disclosures I have received in response to a Freedom of Information request. Following Labour's landslide defeat at the 1983 general election, Michael Foot resigned as Leader of the Labour Party aged 69, and from the outset; it was expected that the much younger Kinnock would succeed him. Following Labour's landslide defeat at the 1983 general election, Michael Foot resigned as Leader of the Labour Party aged 69, and from the outset; it was expected that the much younger Kinnock would succeed him. Attacked Militant and their conduct in a Labour victory and Neil Kinnock in 1992 in.. To just 21 seats at a by-election just over a decade in the ensuing leadership election by Smith... Aim was to secure second place in order to remain as Official Opposition. [ 45 ] redistributing! Come down from 144 seats in 1983 to 102 1970, he is a. Had come down from 144 seats in 1983 had backed Kinnock for the content of external.! What 's the Sex and the officials who drafted this document were clearly anticipating that.. 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